Zero Knowledge Protocols without magic
When we’ve first released Secure Comparator to use in our Themis crypto library and started talking about novel authentication concepts, we’ve encountered a few common misconceptions and plenty of magical thinking about Zero-Knowledge Proofs as a phenomenon. In this post, we’ll talk about some of them, tie ZKP authentication to traditional security models, and help you gain a better understanding of how authentication, in general, should work. Understanding authentication and Zero-Knowledge Proof Protocols What is authentication, anyway?
Benchmarking Secure Comparator
When we conceived Secure Comparator, we saw that it is going to be slightly slower than existing authentication methods, because: SMP requires much more rounds of data exchange each round involves expensive calculations our modification of ed25519 implementation involves blinding to avoid timing attacks, which makes overall performance even slower This is a consequence of different demands and different security guarantees Secure Comparator gives: let systems with zero shared information exchange requests to data, where request data itself is a leakage.
Fixing Secure Comparator
Introduction The idea behind Socialist Millionaire Protocol is to provide definite answer to the question whether two communicating parties possess the same secret or not in a secure (zero-knowledge) manner. However, given a problem like this, one still has to take care of many implementation details which contribute to the protocol's security properties. After releasing Secure Comparator paper / PoC code, we've received significant amount of critical feedback: in our github issues #85 and #83 and a number of reddit posts.
Introducing Secure Comparator
A word to pass Passwords are the ultimate keepers of security, extensively used in the 21st century's Internet. As more and more aspects of our lives become accessible online, the importance of keeping your passwords secure becomes crucial, because anybody knowing the password may access your accounts. However, when you input password to access your account, it uses thousands of intermediate links to deliver the data, meaning that your secret password can be compromised at any moment.
Why we need novel authentication schemes?
Introduction: A Word To Pass Before introducing our novel request authentication scheme in Themis, we’ve decided to create an overview of the existing methods of authentication and try to look into what the future might bring us. Passwords are ultimate keepers of diversity and security. Since Ancient Roman times until now, they are used for one to prove being worthy to get some privilege others do not possess, however strongly desire to obtain.
Armoring ed25519 to meet extended security challenges
This article was revisited and updated in October 2018. Introduction We strive to use the best state-of-the-art cryptography for our library Themis. So when we wanted to implement an important novel feature Secure Comparator (that includes the so-called "Socialist Millionaire Protocol"), we needed to replace the prime-field modular arithmetic with something stronger. The obvious choice for such replacement was the ed25519 signature system: it provides even more protection from side-channel analysis than conventional (NIST-driven) ECC,
Notes on adding cutting edge features
As we've stated in the past, the Themis library grew out of our own needs for a secure, efficient and convenient cryptographic library. While providing abstracted high-level services, Themis uses trusted, well established implementations of cryptographic primitives such as those provided by LibreSSL/OpenSSL or platform native cryptography providers. With the upcoming v0.9.2 release of the Themis library, we will be announcing a new set of features called "Secure Comparator". As distinct from the current set of Themis functions, Secure Comparator not only uses existing implementations of cryptographic math but also our own in house developments - as we could find no suitable public implementations for some of operations with ECC curve ed25519.